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[Video] Ranking List: QS World's Best 300 Colleges by Employer Reputation, A Jump-Start for Top-Paying Careers, Harvard, Oxford

[Video] Ranking List: QS World's Best 300 Colleges by Employer Reputation, A Jump-Start for Top-Paying Careers, Harvard, Oxford

Here you will can find all you need about the QS World University Rankings®. and find out who are the topView the world’s leading overall universities in the world, the best universities by subject rank area, and the best universities as voted by employers.

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Rank, School Name, Country, Size, Research, Focus, Score

1. Harvard University, United States, L, VH, FC,100;
2. University of Oxford, United Kingdom, L, VH, FC,100;
3. University of Cambridge, United Kingdom, L, VH, FC,100;
4=. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), United States, M, VH, CO,100;
4=. London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), United Kingdom, M, VH, SP,100;
6. Stanford University, United States, L, VH, FC,100;
7. "University of California, Berkeley (UCB)", United States, XL, VH, FC,100;
8. Imperial College London, United Kingdom, L, VH, FC,100;
9. The University of Melbourne, Australia, XL, VH, FC,100;
10. Yale University, United States, M, VH, FC,100;
11. The University of Manchester, United Kingdom, XL, VH, FC,100;
12=. Columbia University, United States, L, VH, FC,100;
12=. The University of Warwick, United Kingdom, L, HI, FC,100;
14. HEC Paris, France, S, VH, SP,99;
15. University of Bristol, United Kingdom, L, VH, FC,99;
16. University of Michigan, United States, XL, VH, FC,99;
17. "University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)", United States, XL, VH, FC,98;
18. University of Pennsylvania, United States, L, VH, FC,98;
19. McGill University, Canada, L, VH, FC,98;
20. École Polytechnique, France, S, VH, CO,98;
21=. The University of Tokyo, Japan, L, VH, FC,97;
21=. Università  Commerciale Luigi Bocconi, Italy, L, VH, SP,97;
23. National University of Singapore (NUS), Singapore, XL, VH, FC,97;
24. Durham University, United Kingdom, L, HI, FC,97;
25. University of Chicago, United States, M, VH, FC,96;
26. University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom, L, VH, FC,96;
27. Monash University, Australia, XL, VH, FC,96;
28=. Cornell University, United States, L, VH, FC,95;
28=. "ESSEC Business School, Paris", France, S, VH, SP,95;
30. The University of Nottingham, United Kingdom, L, VH, FC,94;
31. University of Toronto, Canada, XL, VH, FC,94;
32. The University of Sydney, Australia, XL, VH, FC,93;
33. Duke University, United States, L, VH, FC,93;
34. UCL (University College London), United Kingdom, L, VH, FC,93;
35. The University of New South Wales, Australia, XL, VH, FC,91;
36=. Northwestern University, United States, L, VH, FC,91;
36=. ESCP Europe, France, S, VH, SP,91;
38. Peking University, China, L, VH, FC,90;
39. The University of Auckland, New Zealand, L, VH, FC,90;
40. New York University (NYU), United States, XL, VH, FC,90;
41=. Purdue University, United States, XL, VH, FC,89;
41=. Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands, L, VH, FO,89;
43. University of Bath, United Kingdom, L, VH, CO,89;
44. ETH Zurich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology), Switzerland, L, VH, FO,89;
45=. Waseda University, Japan, XL, VH, CO,88;
45=. Princeton University, United States, M, VH, CO,88;
45=. Kyoto University, Japan, L, VH, FC,88;
48. University of Leeds, United Kingdom, L, VH, FC,88;
49. King’s College London (University of London), United Kingdom, L, VH, FC,88;
50. Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB), India, M, VH, CO,87;
51. The University of Queensland, Australia, XL, VH, FC,85;
52. Keio University, Japan, XL, VH, FC,85;
53. University of Texas at Austin, United States, XL, VH, FC,84;
54. University of Birmingham, United Kingdom, L, VH, FC,84;
55=. Carnegie Mellon University, United States, M, VH, FC,83;
55=. Politecnico di Milano, Italy, L, VH, SP,83;
57. Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen, Germany, XL, HI, FC,82;
58. Fudan University, China, L, VH, FC,82;
59=. Georgia Institute of Technology, United States, L, VH, CO,82;
59=. Sciences Po Paris, France, M, VH, SP,82;
61. Technische Universität München, Germany, L, VH, FO,81;
62. The University of Sheffield, United Kingdom, L, VH, FC,81;
63. Trinity College Dublin, Ireland, L, HI, FC,81;
64. Australian National University, Australia, M, VH, CO,80;
65. Tecnológico de Monterrey (ITESM), Mexico, L, LO, FC,80;
66. University of York, United Kingdom, M, VH, FC,80;
67. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russia, XL, VH, FC,79;
68. University of British Columbia, Canada, XL, VH, FC,79;
69. University College Dublin, Ireland, L, HI, FC,79;
70=. Loughborough University, United Kingdom, L, VH, FO,78;
70=. Tsinghua University, China, L, VH, FC,78;
72. ESADE Business School, Spain, S,, SP,78;
73. EBS Business School, Germany, S, VH, SP,78;
74. Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IITD), India, M, VH, CO,78;
75. Dartmouth College, United States, M, VH, FC,77;
76. RMIT University, Australia, XL, VH, CO,77;
77. University of St Andrews, United Kingdom, M, VH, FC,77;
78=. Hitotsubashi University, Japan, M, VH, SP,76;
78=. Queen's University, Canada, L, VH, FC,76;
80. University of Virginia, United States, L, VH, FC,76;
81. Georgetown University, United States, L, HI, FC,75;
82. Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore, L, VH, CO,75;
83. University of Canterbury, New Zealand, L, VH, CO,74;
84. "University of Technology, Sydney", Australia, L, VH, CO,74;
85. University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, L, VH, FC,74;
86. Aston University, United Kingdom, M, VH, CO,74;
87. Delft University of Technology, Netherlands, L, VH, FO,73;
88. Newcastle University, United Kingdom, L, VH, FC,73;
89. WHU Otto Beisheim School of Management - Koblenz, Germany, S, VH, SP,73;
90. Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden, S, VH, SP,73;
91. Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan, M, VH, FO,73;
92. The University of Adelaide, Australia, L, VH, FC,72;
93. "École Normale Supérieure, Paris", France, S, VH, SP,72;
94. Boston University, United States, L, VH, FC,72;
95. University of Southampton, United Kingdom, L, VH, FC,72;
96=. California Institute of Technology (Caltech), United States, S, VH, CO,71;
96=. University of Alberta, Canada, XL, VH, FC,71;
98. Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland, M, VH, FO,71;
99. The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong, M, VH, CO,71;
100. University of Strathclyde, United Kingdom, L, VH, CO,71;
101. Brown University, United States, M, VH, FC,71;
102. University of St Gallen (HSG), Switzerland, M, VH, SP,71;
103. Pennsylvania State University, United States, XL, VH, FC,70;
104. Queensland University of Technology, Australia, L, VH, CO,70;
105. Universität Mannheim, Germany, M, VH, FO,70;
106. Universität Karlsruhe, Germany, L, VH, CO,70;
107. Cardiff University, United Kingdom, L, VH, FC,70;
108. University of Wollongong, Australia, L, HI, FC,69;
109=. Osaka University, Japan, L, VH, FC,69;
109=. University of Glasgow, United Kingdom, L, VH, FC,69;
111. Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina, XL, HI, FC,69;
112. University College Cork, Ireland, L, HI, FC,68;
113=. University of Delhi, India, XL, MD, FC,68;
113=. Queen's University of Belfast, United Kingdom, L, HI, FC,68;
115. National Taiwan University (NTU),, XL, VH, FC,68;
116. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Mexico, XL, VH, FC,67;
117. University of Exeter, United Kingdom, L, HI, FC,67;
118. The University of Western Australia, Australia, L, VH, FC,67;
119. University of Amsterdam, Netherlands, XL, VH, FC,67;
120. Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IITM), India, S, VH, CO,67;
121. Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, M, VH, CO,66;
122. Chulalongkorn University, Thailand, XL, HI, FC,66;
123. Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium, XL, VH, FC,66;
124. University of South Australia, Australia, L, VH, CO,66;
125. Lund University, Sweden, L, VH, FC,66;
126=. University of Copenhagen, Denmark, L, VH, FC,66;
126=. Nagoya University, Japan, L, VH, FC,66;
128. University of Cape Town, South Africa, L, HI, FC,65;
129. Johns Hopkins University, United States, L, VH, FC,65;
130. "École des Ponts, ParisTech", France, S, VH, FO,64;
131. "University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill", United States, L, VH, FC,64;
132. University of Waterloo, Canada, L, VH, CO,64;
133. The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, L, VH, FC,64;
134. Ohio State University, United States, XL, VH, FC,63;
135. Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand, L, VH, CO,63;
136. Macquarie University, Australia, L, HI, FC,63;
137. Curtin University of Technology, Australia, L, VH, CO,63;
138. University of Otago, New Zealand, L, VH, FC,63;
139. University of the Philippines, Philippines, XL, LO, FC,63;
140. University of Wisconsin-Madison, United States, XL, VH, FC,63;
141. University of Liverpool, United Kingdom, L, VH, FC,63;
142=. Seoul National University," Korea, South", L, VH, FC,62;
142=. Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China, L, VH, FC,62;
144. "Université Paris 1, Panthéon-Sorbonne", France, XL, VH, FO,61;
145. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Chile, L, HI, FC,61;
146. Vanderbilt University, United States, M, VH, FC,61;
147. University of Notre Dame, United States, M, VH, CO,61;
148. Université Paris Dauphine, France, M, VH, SP,60;
149. Ateneo de Manila University, Philippines, M, LO, FC,60;
150. Lancaster University, United Kingdom, M, VH, FC,60;
151. Maastricht University, Netherlands, L, VH, FO,60;
152. University of Indonesia, Indonesia, XL, LO, FC,59;
153. Tohoku University, Japan, L, VH, FC,59;
154. Dublin City University, Ireland, M, VH, FO,59;
155. The University of Western Ontario, Canada, L, VH, FC,59;
156=. Kyushu University, Japan, L, VH, FC,58;
156=. Hokkaido University, Japan, L, VH, FC,58;
158. Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IITK), India, S, VH, CO,58;
159. "National University of Ireland, Galway", Ireland, M, HI, FC,58;
160. Czech Technical University In Prague, Czech Republic, L, VH, SP,58;
161. University of Mumbai, India, XL, LO, FC,58;
162. Michigan State University, United States, XL, VH, FC,57;
163. University of Reading, United Kingdom, L, VH, CO,57;
164. Indiana University Bloomington, United States, XL, VH, FC,56;
165. University of Surrey, United Kingdom, M, VH, CO,56;
166. University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom, L, HI, FC,56;
167=. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, United States, XL, VH, FC,56;
167=. "Université Paris Sorbonne, Paris IV", France, L, VH, SP,56;
169. Universidad Austral, Argentina, S, VH, FO,56;
170. Universidad Iberoamericana (UIA), Mexico, M, LO, FC,56;
171. York University, Canada, XL, VH, CO,56;
172. University of Bologna, Italy, XL, VH, FC,55;
173. De La Salle University, Philippines, M, LO, CO,55;
174. Brunel University, United Kingdom, L, VH, CO,55;
175. Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia, XL, LO, FC,55;
176. University of Limerick, Ireland, M, HI, FC,55;
177. Universiti Malaya (UM), Malaysia, L, HI, FC,55;
178. Emory University, United States, L, VH, FC,55;
179=. Athens University of Economics And Business, Greece, M, VH, FO,55;
179=. Kobe University, Japan, L, VH, FC,55;
181. Universidad Torcuato Di Tella, Argentina, S, VH, SP,54;
182. "University of California, San Diego (UCSD)", United States, L, VH, FC,54;
183. University of Calgary, Canada, L, VH, FC,53;
184. University of Southern California, United States, XL, VH, FC,53;
185=. Warsaw University of Technology, Poland, XL, VH, CO,53;
185=. George Washington University, United States, L, HI, FC,53;
185=. KAIST - Korea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology," Korea, South", M, VH, CO,53;
185=. VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands, L, VH, FC,53;
189. Griffith University, Australia, L, HI, FC,52;
190. Utrecht University, Netherlands, L, VH, FC,52;
191. Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur (IITKGP), India, M, VH, FO,52;
192=. Aarhus University, Denmark, L, VH, FC,52;
192=. Université Catholique de Louvain (UCL), Belgium, L, HI, FC,52;
194. University of Newcastle, Australia, L, HI, FC,52;
195. Texas A&M University, United States, XL, VH, FC,52;
196. Saint-Petersburg State University, Russia, L, HI, FC,51;
197. Norwegian University of Science And Technology, Norway, L, VH, FC,51;
198. National University of Ireland Maynooth, Ireland, M, VH, FO,50;
199=. Cranfield University, United Kingdom, S, VH, CO,50;
199=. University of Science and Technology of China, China, L, VH, CO,50;
201. University of Oslo, Norway, L, VH, FC,50;
202. University of Bucharest, Romania, XL, HI, CO,50;
203. University of Washington, United States, XL, VH, FC,49;
204. "Queen Mary, University of London (QMUL)", United Kingdom, L, HI, FC,49;
205=. University of Barcelona, Spain, XL, VH, FC,49;
205=. University of Groningen, Netherlands, L, VH, FC,49;
207. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Malaysia, L, HI, CO,49;
208. "KTH, Royal Institute of Technology", Sweden, L, VH, CO,49;
209. Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany, XL, VH, FC,49;
210. Heriot-watt University, United Kingdom, M, VH, CO,49;
211=. Universität Stuttgart, Germany, L, VH, CO,48;
211=. Warsaw University, Poland, XL, VH, CO,48;
213. Brno University of Technology, Czech Republic, L, VH, FO,48;
214. Deakin University, Australia, L, MD, FC,48;
215. University of Western Sydney, Australia, L, MD, FC,48;
216. University of Vienna, Austria, XL, HI, FC,47;
217. "SOAS - School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London", United Kingdom, S, VH, SP,47;
218. Nanjing University, China, L, VH, FC,47;
219. Politecnico di Torino, Italy, L, VH, FO,47;
220. Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands, M, VH, FO,47;
221. La Trobe University, Australia, L, VH, CO,47;
222. Dublin Institute of Technology, Ireland, M, HI, CO,46;
223. Leiden University, Netherlands, L, VH, FC,46;
224. Tulane University, United States, M, VH, FC,46;
225. Thammasat University, Thailand, XL, LO, FC,46;
226. Mahidol University, Thailand, L, HI, FC,46;
227. University of Pune, India, S, VH, CO,46;
228. City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, M, VH, CO,46;
229. University of Helsinki, Finland, L, VH, CO,45;
230=. University of Minnesota, United States, XL, VH, FC,45;
230=. Uppsala University, Sweden, L, VH, FC,45;
232. École Normale Supérieure de Lyon, France, S, VH, CO,45;
233. Virginia Polytechnic Institute (Virginia Tech), United States, XL, VH, FC,45;
234. Kasetsart University, Thailand, XL, HI, CO,44;
235. Universite Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Belgium, L, HI, FC,44;
236. Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Israel, M, VH, FC,44;
237. Universidad de Chile, Chile, XL, HI, FC,44;
238. College of William & Mary, United States, M, VH, CO,44;
239=. University of Pretoria, South Africa, XL, MD, FC,43;
239=. North Carolina State University, United States, L, VH, CO,43;
241. Wake Forest University, United States, M, VH, FC,43;
242. Howard University, United States, M, HI, FC,43;
243. Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Belgium, M, VH, FC,43;
244. National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan, L, VH, FC,42;
245. Tufts University, United States, M, VH, FC,42;
246. Yokohama National University, Japan, M, VH, FO,42;
247. University of Bergen, Norway, M, VH, FC,42;
248=. Yonsei University," Korea, South", XL, VH, FC,42;
248=. University of Tsukuba, Japan, L, VH, FC,42;
250. Sogang University," Korea, South", M, VH, CO,41;
251. Vilnius University, Lithuania, L, MD, FC,41;
252=. University of Twente, Netherlands, M, VH, FO,41;
252=. Technische Universität Berlin, Germany, L, VH, CO,41;
254. Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM), Malaysia, L, HI, FC,41;
255=. Doshisha University, Japan, L, HI, CO,40;
255=. University of Santo Tomas, Philippines, XL, LO, FC,40;
255=. Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM),, L, HI, FC,40;
258=. Sapienza University of Rome, Italy, XL, VH, FC,40;
258=. University Complutense Madrid, Spain, XL, HI, FC,40;
260. University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa, L, HI, FC,40;
261. Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil, XL, VH, FC,39;
262. National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan, M, VH, CO,39;
263=. Korea University," Korea, South", XL, VH, FC,39;
263=. Massey University, New Zealand, L, VH, CO,39;
265. University of Ghent, Belgium, L, VH, FC,39;
266. University of South Carolina, United States, L, HI, FC,39;
267. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, M, VH, CO,39;
268. Fundação Getulio Vargas, Brazil,,, SP,39;
269. McMaster University, Canada, L, VH, FC,39;
270. Washington University in St. Louis, United States, L, VH, FC,38;
271. Aalto University, Finland, L, VH, SP,38;
272. The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, L, VH, CO,38;
273=. "Université Paris 2, Panthéon-Assas", France, L, VH, SP,38;
273=. Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain, L, VH, FC,38;
275. Swansea University, United Kingdom, M, HI, FC,38;
276=. University of Navarra, Spain, M, VH, FC,38;
276=. Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg, Germany, L, VH, FC,38;
278. Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee (IITR), India, S, VH, FO,37;
279. Simon Fraser University, Canada, L, VH, CO,37;
280. Universität Frankfurt am Main, Germany, XL, VH, FC,37;
281. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Malaysia, L, MD, FC,37;
282. Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Germany, L, HI, FC,37;
283. University of Leicester, United Kingdom, L, HI, FC,37;
284=. University of Lausanne, Switzerland, M, VH, FO,37;
284=. Cairo University, Egypt, XL, VH, CO,37;
284=. King Saud University, Saudi Arabia, XL, LO, FC,37;
287. Universidad de Los Andes, Colombia, L, MD, FC,36;
288. Radboud University Nijmegen, Netherlands, L, VH, FC,36;
289. Ritsumeikan University, Japan, XL, HI, CO,36;
290. University of Victoria, Canada, L, VH, CO,36;
291. National Chiao Tung University, Taiwan, M, VH, CO,36;
292. "University of California, Davis", United States, L, VH, FC,36;
293=. University of Calcutta, India, XL, HI, CO,36;
293=. Flinders University, Australia, L, MD, FC,36;
293=. Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO-University), Russia, S, LO, FO,36;
293=. University of Waikato, New Zealand, M, VH, CO,36;
297. Dalhousie University, Canada, L, VH, FC,36;
298. Technical University of Denmark, Denmark, M, VH, FO,36;
299=. University of Antwerp, Belgium, M, VH, FC,35;
299=. University of Zurich, Switzerland, L, VH, FC,35;
299=. Northeastern University, United States, L, VH, CO,35;



The following is quoted from Wikipedia:



The need for an international ranking of universities was highlighted in December 2003 in Richard Lambert’s review of university-industry collaboration in Britain for HM Treasury, the finance ministry of the United Kingdom. Amongst its recommendations were world university rankings, which Lambert said would help the UK to gauge the global standing of its universities.[citation needed]

The idea for the rankings was credited in Ben Wildavsky's book, The Great Brain Race: How Global Universities are Reshaping the World,[1] to then-editor of Times Higher EducationJohn O'Leary. Times Higher Education chose to partner with educational and careers advice company Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) to supply the data, appointing Martin Ince [1], formerly deputy editor and later a contractor to THE, to manage the project.

Between 2004 and 2009, Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) produced the rankings in partnership with Times Higher Education (THE). In 2009, THE announced they would produce their own rankings, the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, in partnership with Thomson Reuters. After criticism from universities, THE cited a weakness in the methodology of the original rankings,[2] as well as a perceived favoritism in the existing methodology for science over the humanities,[3] as one of the key reasons for the decision to split with QS.

QS retained the intellectual property in the Rankings and the methodology used to compile them[citation needed] and continues to produce the rankings, now called the QS World University Rankings.[4] THE created a new methodology, first published independently as the Times Higher Education World University Rankings in September 2010.

QS publishes the results of the original methodology in key media around the world, including US News & World Report in the USA, Chosun Ilbo in Korea, Nouvel Observateur in France, and The Sunday Times in the UK. The first of these QS-only produced rankings, which uses the original methodology, was released on September 8, 2010.


QS tried to design its rankings to look at a broad range of university activity. The six indicators are used.

Academic peer review (40%)

The most controversial part of the QS World University Rankings is their use of an opinion survey referred to as the Academic Peer Review. Using a combination of purchased mailing lists and applications and suggestions, this survey asks active academics across the world about the top universities in fields they know about. QS has published the job titles and geographical distribution of the participants.

The 2010 rankings included results from 15,050 people in its Academic Peer Review, including votes from the previous two years rolled forward provided there was no more recent information available from the same individual. Participants can nominate up to 30 universities but are not able to vote for their own. They tend to nominate a median of about 20, which means that over 170,000 data points make up this survey.

In 2004 when the rankings first appeared, academic peer review accounted for half of a university's possible score. In 2005, its share was cut to 40 per cent because of the introduction of the Recruiter Review.

Recruiter review (10%)

This part of the ranking is obtained by a similar method to the Academic Peer Review, except that it samples recruiters who hire graduates on a global scale. The numbers are smaller – 5007 responses in 2010 – and are used to produce 10 per cent of any university’s possible score. This survey was introduced on the assumption that employers can accurately track graduate quality.

Faculty student ratio (20%)

These two indicators account for 50 per cent of a university’s possible score in the rankings. A further 20 per cent comes from a university’s ratio of faculty to students. These indicators attempt to measure teaching commitment, but QS has admitted they are less than satisfactory.

Citations per faculty (20%)

Citations of published research are among the most widely used inputs to national and global university rankings. The QS World University Rankings used citations data from Thomson (now Thomson Reuters) from 2004 to 2007, and since then uses data from Scopus, part of Elsevier. The total number of citations for a five-year period is divided by the number of academic staff in a university to yield the score for this measure, which accounts for 20 per cent of a university’s possible score in the Rankings.

QS has explained that it uses this approach, rather than the citations per paper preferred for other systems, because it reduces the effect of biomedical science on the overall picture – biomedicine has a ferocious “publish or perish” culture. Instead it attempts to measure the density of research-active staff at each institution. But issues still remain about the use of citations in ranking systems, especially the fact that the arts and humanities generate comparatively few citations.[citation needed]

QS has produced some data collection errors regarding citations per faculty.[5]

One interesting issue is the difference between the Scopus and Thomson Reuters databases. For major world universities, the two systems capture more or less the same publications and citations. For less mainstream institutions, Scopus has more non-English language and smaller-circulation journals in its database, but as the papers there are less heavily cited, this can also mean fewer citations per paper on everage.

[edit]International orientation (10%)

The final ten per cent of a university’s possible score is derived from measures intended to capture their internationalism: 5 per cent from their percentage of international students, and another 5 per cent from their percentage of international staff.

Data sources

The information used to compile the World University Ranking comes partly from the online surveys carried out by QS, partly from Scopus, and partly from an annual information-gathering exercise carried out by QS itself. QS collects data from universities directly and from their web sites and publications, and from national bodies such as education ministries and the National Center for Education Statistics in the US and the Higher Education Statistics Agency in the UK.


The data is aggregated into columns according to its Z score, an indicator of how far removed any institution is from the average. Between 2004 and 2007 a different system was used whereby the top university for any measure was scaled as 100 and the others received a score reflecting their comparative performance. According to QS, this method was dropped because it gives too much weight to some exceptional outliers, such as the very high faculty/student ratio of the California Institute of Technology.[citation needed]


In 2009, a column of classifications was introduced to provide additional context to the rankings tables. Universities are classified by size, defined by the size of the student body; comprehensive or specialist status, defined by the range of faculty areas in which programs are offered; and research activity, defined by the number of papers published in a five-year period.


QS makes the point that its rankings are intended to assess large, general research institutions, not specialist ones.[citation needed] To be included in the QS World University Rankings, institutions must teach in at least two of the five main areas of academic life (the social sciences, the arts and humanities, biomedicine, engineering and the physical sciences), and must teach undergraduates.

Faculty-level analysis

QS also publishes a simple analysis of the top 100 institutions in each of the five faculty-level areas mentioned above: natural sciences, technology, biology and medicine, social sciences and the arts and humanities. These five tables list universities in order of their Academic Peer Review score. They also give the citations per paper for each institution.

QS does not aggregate these scores and has said that doing so would not produce a meaningful result.[citation needed] It uses citations per paper rather than per person partly because it does not hold details of the academic staff in each subject area, and partly because the number of citations per paper should be a consistent indicator of impact within a specific field.


Rankings are widely read by students and academics.[citation needed] Some universities have a target to be well-placed in the rankings. In July 2010, Queen’s University Belfast (UK) was advertising with the slogan “Destination Global Top 100.”[citation needed] QS continues to produce the rankings while Times Higher Education publishes a new ranking and methodology, the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, in collaboration with Thomson Reuters. QS has formed an international advisory board [6] for the Rankings, convened by Martin Ince, and with members in Europe, Asia, Africa and North and South America.



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